The KMTC is where Afghan soldiers receive their basic training on enlistment. The training itself is run by ANA instructors under the advisement and mentoring of ISAF forces.
The British-run Non-Commissioned Officer (NCO) Training Team, or ‘Bridmal’ Team in Dari, and the Officer Candidate School (OCS) are part of the KMTC force.The Kabul Military Training Centre (KMTC) is a basic training centre for the Afghan Armed Forces. Located about 8 miles to the east on the outskirts of Kabul, it offers basic courses including 16-week basic infantry training.
Kabul Military Training Center is one of the biggest basic training centers in Afghanistan. As of April 2008, of the 70,000 Afghans which had entered the Afghan National Army (ANA), a third had been trained at the KMTC between 2007 and 2008.
The KMTC undertakes basic combat training of new recruits with a 16-week basic training course. Capable of graduating a 615-person battalion every four weeks there are roughly 2,500 soldiers and airmen undertaking training at any one time.
A major focus of the development of the Afghan Armed Forces is on raising the levels of literacy among the troops. In 2009 less than 35% of recruits could pass basic weapon qualification due to low literacy levels. Recruits were unable to properly read instructions in order to maintain or operate complex western supplied rifles and additional components such as optics. As a result, recruits had to undertake at least 64 hours of lessons in basic reading, writing and arithmetic in order to pass Grade 1 and move to their units.
Recruits were also given the option of a further 128 hours to advance to grade 2 to bring their total to 192 hours. To achieve Grade 3 they had to undertake a further 120 hours which gave them 312 hours of literacy training in total.
The British mentors are not just focused on NCOs, but also on selecting those soldiers who have the potential to become ANA officers. Much as British Army officers go through a rigorous selection and training process, potential Afghan officer candidates are put through a 20-week commissioning course at the KMTC as part of the officer selection course.
The package is designed to teach candidates basic military skills, but also leadership, command and man-management capabilities.